RNA (ribonucleic acid) is a molecule that plays a variety of important roles in the body. It is a single-stranded nucleic acid that is similar to DNA, but has a few key differences. While DNA is the genetic material that carries information from one generation to the next, RNA is involved in the translation of that information into proteins. In this article, let’s see what it is?
- RNA stands for ribonucleic acid, and it is a nucleic acid that is similar to DNA.
- It is made up of a single strand of nucleotides rather than the double helix structure of DNA.
- It plays a critical role in the process of protein synthesis by carrying genetic information from DNA to the ribosomes.
- The three main types of RNA are messenger RNA (mRNA), transfer RNA (tRNA), and ribosomal RNA (rRNA).
- mRNA carries the genetic information from DNA to the ribosomes, where it is used to synthesize proteins.
- tRNA brings the amino acids to the ribosomes during protein synthesis and matches the correct amino acid to the corresponding mRNA codon.
- rRNA is a structural component of ribosomes and plays a key part in the process of protein synthesis.
- RNA is involved in many other important cellular processes, including the regulation of gene expression, post-transcriptional modification of proteins, and the synthesis of small non-coding RNAs.
- Some viruses, such as HIV and influenza, use RNA as their genetic material instead of DNA.
- Scientists are studying it in order to better understand its role in disease and to develop new treatments and therapies.
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Dr. Tamanna Anwar is a Scientist and Co-founder of the Centre of Bioinformatics Research and Technology (CBIRT). She is a passionate bioinformatics scientist and a visionary entrepreneur. Dr. Tamanna has worked as a Young Scientist at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. She has also worked as a Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Saskatchewan, Canada. She has several scientific research publications in high-impact research journals. Her latest endeavor is the development of a platform that acts as a one-stop solution for all bioinformatics related information as well as developing a bioinformatics news portal to report cutting-edge bioinformatics breakthroughs.